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Kathryn M. Connor, M.D.,n and Jonathan R.T. Davidson, M.D. Resilience scale (CD-RISC) comprises of 25 items, each rated on a 5-point scale. (0–4), with. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) was created to address aspects of resilience and for use in clinical practice. Resilience is considered as the. We describe a new rating scale to assess resilience. The Connor-Davidson Resilience scale (CD-RISC) comprises of 25 items, each rated on a.

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They used exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis to justify these deletions. The British Journal of Psychiatry, resilirnce, Depression and Anxiety, 18 2 Psychometric properties and applications in psychopharmacological trials. The scale demonstrates that resilience is modifiable and can improve with treatment, with greater improvement corresponding to higher levels of global improvement.

Existing scales of resilience were considered inadequate because they lacked generalizability. Finally, postdeployment social support partially mediated the relationship between PTSD resi,ience depressive symptoms and psychosocial difficulties, which supports the second hypothesis.

Development of a new resilience scale: the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC).

German Journal of Psychiatry, 13, A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1 1 Lower levels of unit support and postdeployment social support were associated with higher levels of PTSD and depressive symptoms and lower levels of resilience and psychosocial ressilience. Zeitschrift Fur Gesundheitpsychologie, Service members diagnosed with a mental disorder at 6 months of service had also reported lower levels of resilience resiliece basic training as compared to those who were not diagnosed with a mental disorder.


They were confused about the conceptual relationships between items that appeared in the same factors e. Psychiatry Investigation, 7, Resilience in the Scalle States Air Force: Davidson as a means of assessing resilience.

These groups included a community sample, primary care outpatients, general psychiatric outpatients, a clinical trial of generalized anxiety disorderand two clinical trials of PTSD.

The authors recognize that this scalee be considered an issue since the concept of resilience is often only considered relevant when related to the experience of trauma.

Journal of Affective Disorders, Cross-cultural validity of the Connor-Davidson Scale: Scake evaluation of a measure to assess combat exposure. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 52, Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 9, The scale was administered to subjects in the following groups: This indicates that the resilience scores obtained from the CD-RISC correspond to lower levels of perceived stress and perceived stress vulnerability, respectively.

The findings supported both of these hypotheses.

Journal of Personality Assessment, 97 5 Psychological resilience and resiliehce social support protect against traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in soldiers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. Resilience fully mediated the relationship between unit support and PTSD and depressive symptoms, which confirms the first hypothesis.

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Development of a new resilience scale: the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC).

Results supported both hypotheses. The authors also cite problems with using retrospective self-report to collect data which, in this case, was unavoidable and suggest that a resilience measure that does not rely on self-report should be created.

For example, a behavior that is considered normal in one culture could be perceived as completely abnormal in another, simply due to differences in how this behavior is perceived. The authors drew inspiration for the scale’s content from the work of previous researchers of hardiness, most notably S.

Another potential reason for the inconsistency in these findings is reeilience the number of items in the original scale is insufficient. We describe a new rating scale to assess resilience.

If the measure has good construct validity, then it should “behave” as a measure of this complex concept should behave.