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The aim of this article is to draw attention to the work of a conflict analyst whose theory of ‘protracted social conflict’ – developed in a sustained. A Theory of Protracted Social Conflict. Edward E Azar, one of the forefathers of the conflict resolution field was the first to the describe violent events in the. 2 See Edward E. Azar, The Management of Protracted Social Conflict. Theory Theory of Protracted Social Conflict and the Challenge of Transforming Conflict.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The third stage is termed “inventing” and focuses on the “how” of “cooperatively resolving the conflict and its core through integrative solutions. But hostilities continued and even intensified.

The relevance of Edward Azar’s theory of protracted social conflict in the context of Rwanda

Groups that seek vonflict satisfy their identity and security needs through conflict are in effect seeking change in the structure of their society. When protrracted group’s identity is threatened or frustrated, intractable conflict is almost inevitable.

In the Ceasefire agreement was signed, and the government agreed to disarm all paramilitary groups in the north and east. In contrast to the model of interactive conflict resolution ICR that Fisher proposed inwhich includes identity as one of many human needs, the ARIA model “keeps its focus more narrowly attuned to identity issues in particular.

Therefore, to be effective, a conflict resolution framework must specifically emphasize the needs and identities of the conflicting parties. This conflitc, which contributes to the initial creation of protracted social conflict, consists of the fact that people involved in protracted social conflicts create their own identity groups.


Journal of Conflict Resolution 49 6— Rothman developed a unique approach of conflict resolution that is specifically designed to mitigate protracted social conflict. Such a need for structural change is likely to result in a violent conflict. The dominant group isolates itself from the needs of other groups, leading to an even bigger separation between groups even within an ethnicity.

But again, because of opposing interests all the proposals wdward.

Use the lead layout guide to ensure the section follows Wikipedia’s norms and protractted be inclusive of all essential details. To alleviate the “underdevelopments” Azar confllct responsible for protracted social violence, and in turn overcome the conflict resulting from underdevelopment, Azar points to the needs of security, development, political access and identity in terms of cultural and religious expression. The incidents escalated into a war in Julyafter the island-wide pogrom against Tamils.

Protracted social conflict

This creates a “crisis of legitimacy” [9] in the governance of these countries. The pre proposals of different federal or centralist arrangements failed as one or the other side rejected them. The war, that has continued since then, has almost completely disrupted civil administration in the northern province and caused economic devastation of the whole country. To overcome the dominance of the international economy, the country in question must work to build institutions that clnflict ease global dependency and stimulate domestic economic growth.

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Later voluntary regrouping of population resulted in another 10, Greek Cypriots leaving the northern part, and 40, Turkish Cypriots moving to the north, which created two homogeneous ethnic zones on the island. He terms this approach the ARIA model.


After parties have articulated their animosities, the next stage is termed the reflexive—reframing stage where the “why” and “who” of the issue is examined.

For example, many states are dependent on an external supply of armament. With the military coup in the situation erupted into a major crisis. Azar argued that the denial of basic human needs to a large portion of the population initiated instances of protracted social violence.

However, it remains a challenge for conflict analysts and peace builders to arrive at an accurate assessment of the actual causes of the conflict for successful resolution and this provokes further analysis of the Rwanda conflict. In s the southern Republic of Cyprus applied for a membership in the European Unionand the Turkish Cypriots on the other side turned to Turkey.

JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Among the Sinhalese, the anti-Tamil chauvinism started to spread and the Tamils were more and more disadvantaged and excluded.

Tamil secessionists saw the establishment of their own separate state as the only way for securing their people.

This in turn emphasizes Azar’s theory that the “deprivation of human needs is the underlying source of protracted social conflict” where conflict is emphasized by the collective grievances of a group of people. Conflict process Dispute resolution Sectarian violence.